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1. What is the most logical approach for adult learning?

For example, when you ask a taxi driver to turn right at the next signal, it is proper to say, informal to formal;

・"Tsugi no shingo, migi."
・"Tsugi no shingo o migi desu."
・"Tsugi no shingo o migi ni magatte-kudasai."
・"Tsugi no shingo, migi ni onegaishimasu."
・"Tsugi no shingo o migi ni itte moraemasu ka." and
・"Tsugi no shingo o migi ni onegai dekimasu ka."

It is not appropriate to use;
・"Tsugi no shingo o migi ni magare."
・"Tsugi no shingo o migi ni magarinasai."
・"Tsugi no shingo o migi ni magatte itadakemasen ka."
・"Tsugi no shingo o migi ni magatte moraemasu desho ka."

The first two variants are too rude while the latter two are too polite. In order to differentiate between the usage of various words and expressions, the learner has to understand not only the expressions themselves, but also the situation and context in which they are used. This pragmatic cross-cultural approach helps the adult learners use the Japanese language in a proper way.

2. How can listening and reading skills serve to create synergy?

"Jin" in "Nihon-jin", "hito" in "ano hito" and "nin" in "san-nin" sound quite different when heard, but have the same meaning of "person" expressed with one common Kanji.

By recognizing Kanji and enhancing reading ability, vocabulary is retained and consolidated more easily than just by relying on sounds. Also, speaking is improved by accumulating and using inputs aurally given.

3. Is the direct method (the method where only the target language is used) not used in the MACC Japanese learning process ?

MACC does not advocate that the learner's native language should always be used in the program. We do believe, however, that he/she can benefit from the knowledge of the structure of his/her native or other previously acquired language by comparing it to that of Japanese. This approach can frequently accelerate learning by allowing the learner to anticipate similarities or differences between the two languages.

Our experience shows that most adult part-time learners become frustrated with the direct method as it fails to provide them with sufficient, systematic explanation.

The MACC Method does not rely on dogma. MACC chooses the most effective approach to suit the specific proficiency level, target, and learning style of a learner. In short, the MACC Method minimizes the learner's frustration and maximizes his/her motivation.